Migrating Ubersmith Appliances 4.x to 4.x Estimated Reading Time: 5 Minutes Read this document completely before starting the migration process, to ensure the necessary access is available to complete all steps. For these steps, the new appliance is the system the Ubersmith Appliance is being migrated to, and the old appliance is the system the Ubersmith Appliance is being migrated from. It is assumed that the Ubersmith host is upgraded first, and that the Ubersmith Appliance will be installed to the following default directory: /usr/local/ubersmith If you would prefer to have Ubersmith perform your migration, please contact Ubersmith Support to discuss the scope of the project and to arrange for a quote from our Managed Services team. Preparing for the Migration Perform these steps before migration day. Ensuring Connectivity Ensure that the old appliance can reach the new appliance via SSH. Ensure that the Ubersmith host can reach the new appliance. The new appliance will accept connections on 8080/tcp and 8443/tcp. Configure an SSH key between the two appliances to ease file copying and database dumps. See this online resource to perform this configuration task. Deploying the New Ubersmith Appliance Ensure that the new appliance system iscompatible with Ubersmith and install the Ubersmith Installation and Upgrade Utilityprerequisites. Deploy the Ubersmith Appliance on the new appliance using the Ubersmith Installation and Upgrade Utility. Once the installation is complete, disable the app_cron container on the new appliance environment. This ensures that the new system does not start polling your devices before you are ready to use it. cd /usr/local/ubersmith docker-compose rm -sf app_cron Scheduling Downtime/Dry Run To get a time estimate of how long the Ubersmith Appliance will be offline, perform a dry run by performing the migration day steps, but not the post migration steps. Note the timing for the following events: Database dump Database transfer Database restore RRD transfer Ubersmith Appliance upgrade Based on the details of the dry run, schedule downtime with your users. For extended downtime, consider performing the migration after hours or on a weekend. Appliances with large data sets will experience significant downtime during the RRD transfer phase. Migration Day These steps perform the migration and may cause the Ubersmith Appliance to be unavailable. Exporting the Database By default, the Ubersmith Appliance database is named uberapp and is stored in the app_db container. Complete a logical export using mysqldump. See the mysqldump documentation for MySQL 5.7. In most circumstances, the Ubersmith Appliance database is small, and will be at most a few hundred megabytes. First, open a shell within the Ubersmith Appliance Database container. Next, use mysqldump to create a backup of the database: cd /usr/local/ubersmith docker-compose exec app_db bash mysqldump -u root -p$MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD uberapp > /ubersmith_appliance_export.sql In this command the root user logs into MySQL, the password is entered using an environment variable, the uberapp database is exported, and saved to a file in the root of the filesystem named ubersmith_appliance_export.sql. Once the database export is complete, use the exit command to leave the db container's shell. Use the docker cp command to copy the database dump out of the container's filesystem. cd /usr/local/ubersmith/backup docker cp ubersmith_app_db_1:/ubersmith_appliance_export.sql . Use the tail command to examine the end of the file to ensure it completed successfully. cd /usr/local/ubersmith/backup tail -n1 ubersmith_export.sql A successful completion will show the output -- Dump completed on with a date and timestamp. Copying the Database Copy the appliance database export file from the old appliance to the new appliance, using scp or sftp. Copy the appliance database export file into the new appliance’s app_db container, using the docker cp command: docker cp ubersmith_appliance_export.sql ubersmith_app_db_1:/ Enter a shell in the new appliance database container (app_db) to begin the restore: cd /usr/local/ubersmith docker-compose exec app_db bash Within the new appliance's shell in the database container, restore the database: mysql -u root -p$MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD uberapp < /ubersmith_appliance_export.sql Upgrading the Ubersmith Appliance On the new appliance, run the appliance_upgrade.sh script which is part of the Ubersmith Installation and Upgrade Utility. To run the upgrade manually in the event the script is not present, run: docker-compose exec app_web php /var/www/appliance_root/www/upgrade.php Disabling Poll Tasks If simultaneous polling between two appliances is not desirable, stop the polling tasks on the old appliance. Run the following command to stop and remove the Appliance Cron container. cd /usr/local/ubersmith docker-compose rm -sf app_cron Disabling these tasks ensures that the old appliance does not poll your infrastructure during the migration process. If this step is not performed now, be sure to perform it once the migration is complete. Migrating RRD Files Copy (rsync, scp or sftp) the existing RRD files from the old appliance to the new appliance. The existing RRD files can be found on the old appliance in the directory: /var/lib/docker/volumes/ubersmith_rrds/_data/ On the new appliance, the RRD files are stored in a Docker volume named ubersmith_rrds. The simplest way to migrate the RRDs is to copy them directly into Docker's storage location for the volume: /var/lib/docker/volumes/ubersmith_rrds/_data/ Post Migration These steps finalize the migration and configure Ubersmith to use the new appliance. Enabling Scheduled Tasks On the new appliance, recreate the cron container, so that the Ubersmith Appliance can perform scheduled polling tasks. cd /usr/local/ubersmithdocker-compose up -d app_cron Permissions must be set on the RRD files within the Ubersmith Appliance cron container, so that the cron tasks can write to them. Execute the following command in /usr/local/ubersmith: docker-compose exec app_cron chown -R ubersmith:ubersmith /var/www/appliance_root/rrds Updating Ubersmith's Appliance Configuration When you are satisfied that the Ubersmith Appliance is functioning properly, renumber the new appliance with the IP address from the old appliance, or update Ubersmith's Appliance configuration (Settings → Appliances) to use the new address. Do not delete the existing Appliance entry in Settings → Appliances, as this will remove the appliance configuration from your existing Device Module configurations. Be sure to disable polling on the old appliance if it was not performed earlier in the migration process.